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Toward P300-Based Brain-Computer Interface Access for Those with Severe Physical Impairments
Principal Investigator: Kevin Pitt
Funding Agency: Office of Research and Economic Development—Layman Award
Award Date: Aug 1, 2020
End Date: Dec 31, 2022
For those with severe physical impairments (SPI) due to diagnoses such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), conventional forms of communication may be ineffective or inefficient. The lack of a reliable communication method has a devastating effect on the quality of life for those with SPIs.
Brain-computer interface access to augmentative and alternative communication devices (BCI-AAC) may overcome communication barriers by allowing communication device control without requiring reliable physical movements. However, while BCI-AAC technology is advancing, the translation of laboratory research to clinical practice is lagging.
This project will pilot clinically based evaluation tools and assessment frameworks for BCI-AAC. Findings will help expedite BCI-AAC translation by supporting the integration of BCI into existing clinical frameworks.
Kevin Pitt, assistant professor of special education and communication disorders, prepares an EEG cap for use on a P300 speller device. (Photo by Kelcey Buck, Special Education and Communication Disorders)